Political Parties or the Art of Getting the Elected Away From Their Voters

An essential institution of liberal regimes are political parties, which are born and develop at the same time as elections and representation. At first they appear as electoral commissions in charge of raising funds for the campaign and obtaining important patronages for its candidate. It’s also observed the birth, in the assemblies, of parliamentary groups of deputies of the same tendency for a common action, and that in a natural way produces the federation of their basic commissions, which originate the parties. Read More

The Power and the Law of the Strongest

A distinction must be made between might and Power; the first rests solely on the possibility of coercing another; the second is also based on the coerced person's belief that the coercion is legitimate.

Power must have legitimacy, usually legal or traditional in origin. Only those who have the capacity to exercise power can hold it legitimately. Power is primarily a function of intelligence and secondarily a function of the will. Who commands needs to have intelligence, purity, competence, will, character, leadership conditions. Every weak and unskillful power creates disorder and anarchy; its ineffectiveness demonstrates its real lack of authority. Read More

Caught by The Net

What happened to that ocean of freedom and democratization in access to information that the Internet brought as standard? Are we more or less free since the emergence of The Network of networks in our lives? Did it begin as a vehicle of freedom and has it ended up becoming an instrument of control? Perhaps… have we fallen into The Network? Or have we been trapped by it? And once entangled… how to get out of it?  Read More